The Principles of Conduct

Safety, Health, and Radiological Protection

Before entering into a contract to supply a nuclear power plant to a Customer, Vendors expect that the Customer State:

1.1 Is an active party to the Convention on Nuclear Safety, or has indicated its intention to become an active party before operation of the plant begins.

Before entering into a contract to supply a nuclear power plant to a Customer, Vendors will have made a reasonable judgment that the Customer State has:

1.2 A legislative, regulatory, and organizational infrastructure needed for implementing a safe nuclear power program with due attention to safety either in place or under development following the guidance provided in the IAEA Safety Standard “Establishing the Safety Infrastructure for a Nuclear Power Programme” (The information on infrastructure and the plans concerning its development should be provided by the Customer State based on its self-assessment or an independent external assessment such as a peer review conducted under the auspices of the IAEA);

1.3 Either an existing industrial infrastructure to support safe long-term operation, or a credible plan to develop such an infrastructure before operation of the nuclear power plant begins; and2

1.4 Taken into account international operating experience and severe accident considerations in determining the plant site.

Vendors commit to:

1.5 Export nuclear power plants that:

1.5.1 Apply consistent, high safety standards, reflecting the Vendors’ safety goals and which are compatible with physical security requirements;

1.5.2 Reflect the uncompromising application of recognized safety principles, including the IAEA Fundamental Safety Principles;

1.5.3 Are based on reliable technology, which is proven either a) in operation or b) by a test program or analysis consistent with internationally recognized safety principles, before operation of the plant begins;

1.5.4 Are designed in accordance with the IAEA Safety Requirements,3 giving due consideration to relevant IAEA Safety Guides, and meeting regulatory requirements of the Customer State;

1.5.5 Use components manufactured in accordance with appropriate nuclear standards with the Vendors’ technical specifications consistent with appropriate nuclear standards;

1.5.6 Ensure their supply chain is subject to the Vendors’ rigorous overall corporate quality assurance requirements; and

1.5.7 Incorporate design provisions to address severe accident management and to take into account emergency response requirements.

1.6 Exchange information with the scientists and experts of the Customer State, as needed, to assist plant designers in adequately understanding the site-specific environmental and other circumstances affecting nuclear safety so as to be able to adapt the design as necessary to local conditions. Specifically, the adaptation should adequately address the extreme site specific hazards that may challenge safe plant operations.

When contracting to supply a nuclear power plant, Vendors will address the tasks and issues that require due attention during project implementation for achieving and demonstrating a high level of safety and quality. The responsibility for these tasks and issues should be clearly assigned in the contractual arrangements between the Vendor and the Customer

1.7 Among the tasks which the parties should seek to address in contracting are:

1.7.1 Provision of safety documentation and validated safety analysis reports that are at least as rigorous as what one would provide if the nuclear power plant was built in the Vendor State;

1.7.2 Promotion of a high safety culture as defined in the IAEA International Nuclear Safety Group report “Key Practical Issues in Strengthening Safety Culture,” in all work on the nuclear power plant site throughout the construction project4;

1.7.3 Assurance of competent construction management;

1.7.4 Assurance that the systems, structures, and components of the plant are constructed or manufactured and installed to meet the requirements in the specified standards;

1.7.5 Making possible subcontracts on design, construction, manufacturing, installation, and quality control only with companies that have proven their qualifications and competence or have been evaluated and found to meet the requirements by the Vendor;

1.7.6 Managing the work of the subcontractors as needed to ensure their performance in compliance with the specified standards and requirements;

1.7.7 Development of the Customer’s human resources and competencies for safe, long-term operation; and

1.7.8 Development of written work procedures, and other guidance needed for safe operation, including emergency operating procedures and severe accident management procedures.

Recognizing that the prime responsibility for existing nuclear power plants they have provided rests with their operators but that Vendors do possess pertinent expertise and share with the operators a strong commitment to their safe operation, Vendors agree to:

1.8       Partake in identifying appropriate safety improvements to the nuclear power plants they have supplied;

1.9       Integrate essential safety enhancements in future nuclear power plants they offer; and

1.10     Implement these changes, when requested and separately agreed upon with the operators.

Recognizing their unique expertise, Vendors may provide, if requested by the Customer and separately agreed, relevant information and guidance to the Customer’s State and the Customer to help:

1.11 Improve the elements of the Customer State’s national infrastructure that influence safe nuclear power plant operation, for example

1.11.1 Safety aspects of the site selection process;

1.11.2 Development of local skills needed to maintain the nuclear plant in safe operational conditions;

1.11.3 Development of comprehensive plans for offsite emergency management, including local and regional infrastructure;

1.11.4 Transparent and public communication, including timely provision of information in emergency situations.5

Before operation of the nuclear power plant begins, the Vendors will inform Customers of the benefits of establishing connections with other operators of nuclear power plants, including pre-start-up reviews by the IAEA and World Association of Nuclear Operators,6 and study their relevant best practices, for the purpose of learning from others’ experiences and safety practices.