The Principles of Conduct

Environmental Protection and the Handling of Spent Fuel and Nuclear Waste

Before entering into a contract to supply a nuclear power plant to a Customer, the Vendor will have made a reasonable judgment that the Customer State either has or will have in a timely manner:

3.1 Enacted national nuclear laws or developed a regulatory framework that:

3.1.1 Formalizes and keeps current a credible national strategy and/or a plan to, in a safe, secure and environmentally sound manner:

3.1.1.1 Store, treat/recycle, or otherwise manage spent fuel and radioactive waste;

3.1.1.2 Decommission closed-down nuclear facilities; and

3.1.1.3 Dispose of all radioactive wastes; and

3.1.2 Address safeguards obligations, safety, national and international security, human health, effective management of radioactive releases at all times, and environmental stewardship; and

3.2 Ratified, accepted, or otherwise apply the principles of the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management.

Vendors will seek to design plants that:

3.3 Enhance environmental benefits and minimize environmental impact in operations, including waste production, by applying relevant best practices such as those defined by ISO and the IAEA;7
3.4 Provide for safe and secure on-site storage of spent fuel; and
3.5 Facilitate ultimate plant decommissioning.

In contracting to sell nuclear power plants, Vendors will seek to:

3.6 Address the responsible management by Customers of spent fuel and other radioactive materials and waste.

Recognizing their unique expertise, Vendors will undertake, as specifically agreed, to cooperate with and provide relevant information to pertinent governments and Customers to help promote:

3.7 Protection of the environment through the responsible use of natural resources, the reduction of waste and emissions, and the minimization of harmful impacts to the environment, in accordance with the best technically and economically sound practices of the worldwide nuclear power industry;

3.8 A precautionary approach to the environment consistent with the definition provided in the United Nations Global Compact and the Rio Declaration; and

3.9 Development in Customer states of systems for the long-term management of spent fuel and/or radioactive waste that are rational, economic, safe, secure, and consistent with the Customer States’ safeguards obligations.